As with your last project component, please create a tar or zip
file that expands to create a
identified by your Postgres user name followed by "p5". Please
name the tar/zip file in the same way (followed by the appropriate file
extension). For example, if your postgreSQL user-name is "henry",
your tar file should be called "henryp5.tar" and it should expand to
create a new directory called "henryp5". This directory should
contain the relevant files, appropriately named, required for your
For each task, you should have an input script file (.sql extension)
and an output file.
Part 5 Deliverables
For each of the relation schemas of your project, indicate
A suitable key for the relation.
Any foreign key (referential integrity) constraints that you
will hold for the relation.
Modify your database schema to include the declaration of keys for
relations and at least one foreign-key constraint for some relation
if you decided that no such constraints should logically hold -- we
almost every project will have some natural foreign-key constraints).
us the resulting database schema and the result of successfully
these relations to the database system.
Add two attribute-based and two tuple-based CHECK
constraints to relations of your database schema. Show the
revised schema, its successful
declaration, and the response of PostgreSQL to inserts that violate the
You may combine this part with the previous part if you like, to avoid
repeating the schema.
Write two PL/pgSQL functions (See the PL/pgSQL
to perform operations on your database.
Each should be nontrivial, illustrating a feature or features such as
local variables, multiple SQL statements, loops, and branches.
In addition, at least one should involve a cursor.
We encourage you to be imaginative.
However, here are some sorts of things you might try if you can't think
of something more interesting:
Compute some aggregate value from a relation and use that
value to modify values in that or another relation.
Create a new relation and load it with values computed from
one or more existing relations.
Enforce a constraint by searching your database for
and fixing them in some way.
Submit a listing of your programs and scripts showing them
You should demonstrate that the programs had their intended effect by
querying (before and after)
some relation of your project that was changed by the program.
The queries demonstrating the effects may be included in the file that
holds your PL/pgSQL
programs for convenience, but the results or output should be in an
appropriate output file.
Write two PostgreSQL Triggers.
As always, use the documentation
as necessary for the special idiosyncrasies of triggers in
PostgreSQL. For your two triggers, you will need to write two
PL/pgSQL stored functions. At least one of these functions should
involve more than one SQL statement. Both should use one or more
parameters in a significant way.
Submit your code and a script showing the functions and triggers
Also, the script should show, for each
trigger, the effect of two database modifications.
One modification should trigger the trigger, and the other not.
In your script, include queries that demonstrate the trigger's
effect in the first case and non-effect in the second.
of the material for the project descriptions and assignments has been
taken from Professor Ullman's website.