Advent (part 1): It Didn't Start With Jesus

I. Jesus Is Jewish
Israel is God's covenant people.
Jesus practiced Judaism.
Judaism makes sense of Jesus.

II. Messianic Expectation: The Setting of Our Salvation
Israel's "felt needs": Home rule, purified worship, justice.
How intense was messianic expectation?
Less and more: Jesus' ministry disappointed and transformed expectation.
The gospels' turning point: John the Baptist (Luke 1, John 1).
Jesus validates God's earlier graces (clothes, ark, exodus, Law, land, return),
but in surprising ways (Luke 4:1-13, 7:18-35).
Inevitable outcome: the cross (Luke 9:18-22, 9:51).

III. Getting Advent Wrong: Marcion
Marcion, a Gnostic, set law against Gospel (cf. John 1:17),
and Yahweh (God of creation and Israel) against Jesus (God of love).
Thus no continuity, no Trinity, and no Advent.
By contrast, Christian faith gives new generations a past.
Jesus' Judaism becomes ours (1 Cor 10:1-4, Rev 22:4).
IV. Getting Advent Right: The Black Church
African America encounters white America.
"Is God a white racist?"
The Gospel re-narrates black America.
America is Egypt; God is black.
Insufficient discontinuity/transformation?
Advent's gifts: Remembrance and expectation.