Catholicity: The Wholeness of the Church

I. Rival Notions of Catholicity
kath' holon: according to the whole; universal, holistic.
Ignatius: "wherever Jesus Christ is, there is the catholic Church."
Vincent of Lerins: the catholic faith is
"that which is believed everywhere, always, and by all."
Cyril of Jerusalem: the Church is sufficient, having everything for salvation.
Four visions of catholicity:
'Catholic' catholicity:
Lambeth Quadrilateral: Scriptures, creeds, sacraments, episcopate.
Papacy too?
'Protestant' catholicity:
Word and sacraments are formally and materially sufficient.
'Eschatological' (Pentecostal?) catholicity:
Catholicity as an eschatological process, not a quality already realized.
The Holy Spirit's work is to 'catholicize' the Church.
A thriving church body will have unity and power: fruitful relationships among healthy persons.
'Anthropological' (liberationist) catholicity:
Catholicity is human, not institutional, universality.
What the Church lacks in diversity or universality, it lacks in catholicity.

Catholicizing means including the excluded.

II. Liberation Theology: God is Not a Capitalist
Class is more real than Americans imagine.
Marx: The poor are made poor by society.
Conquistador Christianity: Evangelism became civilization, Church became colonizer.
Effect: "Christ the conquered" (Latin American crucifixes).
Marxist "conscientization": Unmasking oppressive social structures.
Jesus as a radical revolutionary restructuring his order.

III. Features of Liberation Theology
1. God is the God of the poor.
2. God's work is liberation.
3. The poor have a privileged perspective on God.
4. Healthy theology reflects and furthers God's work of liberation.
5. Eucharist acts out God's character and the Church's mission.
6. Salvation/liberation is communal, as God is communal.

IV. Appraising Liberation Theology
More evangelical than we think?
Critiques:
Reductionist or misdirected doctrines of election, salvation, knowledge, humanity, and church.
Does liberation theology correct inadequate catholic, Protestant, and/or Pentecostal catholicity?
Or is it a 'false contextualization' of the gospel and an incompatible alternative?