A Pentecost-al Introduction to Pneumatology

I. The Holy Spirit: He, She, or It?
"It": pneuma.
"She": ruah.
"He": ekeinos (John 16:8, 13).

II. Pentecost: The Spirit's Narrative
One word: connecting.
Acts 2 centers (but hardly exhausts) the Church's pneumatology.
  1. Holy breath: Divine activity and power (2:2).
  2. Fulfillment of God's eschatological promise (2:33; cf. Joel 2:28-32).
  3. Agent of God's harvest (2:1; cf. Lev 23:15-21).
  4. Regatherer of Israel (2:5; cf. Ex 19).
  5. The Spirit fills the disciples, collectively and individually (2:3).
  6. Effect: Witnessing (2:4, 2:11, 2:14).
  7. Chaotic, or orderly? (2:13; 2:15, 2:44).
    Revolutionary, or peaceful? (1 Cor 14:23-33, Rom 11:17-24).
    Icon of Pentecost.
  8. The Spirit reveals the Son (2:22-36; John 16:8, 13).
  9. Pentecost reveals Trinity (2:33; John 14:16, 14:26, 16:26).
  10. Pentecost shows and advances Jesus' exaltation (2:33a).
  11. Results: The Spirit creates the body of Christ (2:22, 2:43); John 20:22).
  12. The Spirit saves (or appropriates Jesus' salvation; Rom 8:11).
  13. The Spirit unfolds the new creation (11:17-18).
III. From Work to Personhood: Who Is the Holy Spirit?
The Spirit is truly divine (2 Cor 3:17-18).
The Spirit proceeds from the Father (and the Son?) (John 15:26).
The Spirit plays a role in creation old and new (Ps 104:29-30; Ezek 36:1-14, Rom 8:11, 19-23).
The Spirit relates to us in multiple ways.
The Spirit's earthly context is the Church.