|IV. Apostolic Succession||V. The Word Preached Purely and Kept||VI. The Holy Spirit's Powerful Presence|
|Roman Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans and Episcopalians||Protestants||Pentecostals (Baptists too?)|
|Apostolic succession formally connects churches over space and time.||Luther on 2 Pet 1:16-21: The Church is "where the Word is unadulterated and kept and loved." (Reformed and Wesleyans include right administration of sacraments.)||The Church is where the Holy Spirit dwells powerfully (Acts 8, 1 Cor 12).|
|Jesus appoints apostles and entrusts his traditions to them as his leader-witnesses (Matt 10:1-23).||Jesus' Word is his witnesses' powerful good news (Matt 10:5-15, cf. Rom 1:16-17).||Jesus authorizes his witnesses with the Holy Spirit's outpouring (Luke 24:45-49, Acts 2).|
|They plant churches, lead, then appoint successors.
Overseers (episkopoi, bishops) maintain fellowship with each other (Catholics: and ultimately the Bishop of Rome).
The church is the whole hierarchally interconnected fellowship.
|The apostles' authoritative traditions are in the canon of Scripture.||The church's life is God's kept promises and answered prayers (Acts 6-9).
Spiritual gifts and fruit are the only final evidence of a church's vitality.
|Apostolicity is formal structure, tolerating some diversity but not ecclesiological difference.||Apostolicity is fidelity to "biblical" standards.||Apostolicity is ordination through the Spirit's anointing, marginalizing polity.|
|Other communities and their structures are unauthorized, and cannot be the Church.||Communities that preach impurely are unauthorized, and cannot be the Church.||Communities without the fruit of the Spirit are "dead" (Rev 3:1-6).|
|Born in an environment of doctrinal, practical, and biblical development.||
|Yet episcopal communities still find themselves in schism against other episcopal communities.||Yet competing interpretations multiply doctrinal statements and dogmatic schisms, because "sola scriptura" in fact relies subtly on the norming of community traditions to make the Bible intelligible.||Yet responsivity to 'spirit' lowers resistance to innovation and historical heresies.
These bodies are also notoriously independent and fractious, despite their common 'Spirit'.
|Worship begins with a processing organic, sacramental hierarchy.||Worship begins with the gospel's proclamation and invites response.||Worship begins with inspired praise.|