The Ascended, Historical Jesus:
Nicene Christology as Life-of-Jesus Research

I. The Jesus of History and the Christ of Faith: Two (Opposite?) Extremes
What do historiographies of Jesus tell us Christologically? Anything?
E.P. Sanders: Nothing can be known except historiographically
Rudolf Bultmann: Jesus’ real meaning is not historically accessible
Opposites? Or two sides of the same coin?
Critiquing the dichotomy from both sides
II. Nicene Christology Warrants Life-of-Jesus Research
The Nicene Creed confesses historical events
The hypostatic union means Jesus’ humanity reveals God
“Jesus” and “Christ” identify the same person
So incarnation warrants historical study of Jesus
III. Proper Historiography Grounds Orthodox Confession
E.P. Sanders: A historical summary of “the common Jesus”
Jesus had a political, eschatological program
The Last Supper: Jesus’ ultimate self-interpretation
Resurrection Appearances: Not the historical Jesus?
Richard Hays: Only resurrection explains the Church
Resurrection redefines history, and historiography
Wolfhart Pannenberg: “Second-pass,” neo-Antiochene Christology
(Only) resurrection grounds Christology
Biblical hymns/prologues: “Third-pass,” proto-Alexandrian Christology
Incarnation becomes a Christological presupposition
Walter Kasper: “Fourth-pass,” neo-Alexandrian Christology
The historical Jesus is the preexistent, divine, risen, heavenly Christ
IV. The Ascended, Historical Jesus
Jesus’ history doesn’t stop at resurrection
The presence of the ascended Jesus today remains historical
Iconography: Depicting the historical Jesus in his disciples’ midst