- Jesus Saves,
- A Few Visions
- I. One Savior,
Why Not One Salvation?
Why no authoritative
soteriology (account of salvation)?
The "Nicene" soteriology
When the sacraments fail, soteriology suffers
II. Atonement Group 1: Reparation
Jesus sacrificed to repair the divine-human relationship (Heb.
9:5, Ro. 3:25)
- Popular in evangelical
and Reformed Protestantism
- Illustration: E.T.
Variation: Satisfaction (Anselm) (Heb. 2:14-17)
Variation: Penal/vicarious substitution (Calvin; The Fundamentals)
Weaknesses: What's just about Jesus suffering? Is God a sadist?
Are all redeemed?
III. Atonement Group 2: Christus Victor
Jesus won! (Col. 2:14-15, Rev. 5:5)
- Popular in the early
Church and in Eastern Orthodoxy
- Gustav Aulén's
- Illustration: Prince
Variations: Ransom theory; Christ the healer; Christ the liberator
Weaknesses: Wouldn't all sinners be conquered?
IV. Atonement Group 3: Moral Influence
Peter Abelard: Jesus evokes our love (Ro. 5:5-8, Acts 2:36-38,
Popular in liberal Protestantism
- Illustration: Spitfire
- Variation: Jesus reveals,
and revelation saves (Barth; John 1:18, Rom. 12:2, Phil. 2:5)
Weaknesses: What "love" would crucifixion alone express?
Is salvation just a feeling?
V. Is Salvation Coherent?
Eastern Orthodox soteriology in summary
- Is there harmony?
Or is harmonization a cop-out?
VI. Locating Soteriologies in the Christ Events/Liturgical
1. Christmas: Incarnation/assumption
2. Baptism: Penitence/incorporation/empowerment
3. Lent: Conformation
4. Passover/Good Friday: Reparation
5. Holy Saturday: Ransom?
6. Easter: Victory
7. Pentecost: Moral influence/revelation