Signs of the Order of Salvation

I. The Church Is Holy
qadosh, hagion: Cleansed, pure; set apart from "the world" (1 John 2:15)
Israel/Church is holy (Ex. 19:5, 1 Pet. 2:9, Eph. 5:27, 1 Cor. 5:6-8, 2 Cor. 6:14-7:1)
Its people are hagioi, holy ones (Phil. 1:1, etc.)
 
II. How Does It Happen? The Order of Salvation (ordo salutis)
New Time: "new creation," where we're headed (Rev. 21:5, Rev. 21:22-22:5)
Old Time: What won't be around anymore (Rom. 8:18-24a)
What time is it? Both (Rom. 8:29-30, John 5:24, 2 Cor. 5:17)
Salvation is a trip to "New Time":
Justification: Relational change (being considered or made right) before God
Jet lag: The believer is in New Time, but Old Time is in the believer
Sanctification: Real change, growth in holiness; the overcoming of jet lag

III. From Old Time to New Time in Three (or So) Steps
Augustine: Salvation is (1) an event, (2) a process, (3) an endpoint
 
(0) Preparation: Evangelism, mission, hospitality
Operative (prevenient) grace precedes cooperative grace
Greeting signifies God's and the Church's hospitality to insiders and outsiders
(Deut. 10:12-22, James 1:27-2:9)
Pacifism as missionary strategy?

(1) One big event: "Being saved" (Rom. 8:15, Acts 2:38, Rom. 6:17-23)
Later Protestants call this "justification" by grace through faith alone
God gives us his righteousness for the sake of Christ
Baptism signifies (and/or accomplishes) this transformation
Passing the peace signifies the believer's new community of just relationships
Must conversion be experienced? Wesley and evangelicalism

(2) A long process: Renewing justification, growing holy (Rom. 6:22)
Later Protestants call this "sanctification" (after Melanchthon)
Jesus' community gains his character, which is God's character
A holy community will be different as Jesus is different (Holiness Christianity)
Christian life is perfect holiness, along with limitless mercy (Matt. 18)
Life in eucharistic fellowship signifies/accomplishes this
Old Time is a zombie, Christian life is a Spirit-powered "endgame"
We give and receive the gifts of the Holy Spirit to edify the body
Signifying practices include discipline and reconciliation (Matt. 18, 1 Cor. 5)
Thomas Aquinas: God infuses righteousness, virtue through sacraments
Radical Reformation: Discipline is a necessary mark of the Church
Other signifying practices include confirmation, marriage, ordination, healing

(3) The final result: Christian maturity or perfection
(1 Cor. 3:1-3, 2 Cor. 7:1, Eph. 4:11-16, Col. 1:28-29, Heb. 5:11-14, James 1:2-4)
Perfection = finishing; the Christian life is "finishing school"
The death of jet lag, full acclimation to the New Jerusalem
Christians with such stories become authoritative examples, "saints"

IV. The Earliest Order of Salvation: Faith, Baptism, Eucharist
Baptism: The once-only event of justification (and sanctification)
Eucharist: The ongoing process of sanctification (and justification)
Sacraments are the signs of incorporation
Church is an unfinished work of the Holy Spirit (Rom. 7:15-25a)
Church is a colony of New Time in a world of Old Time (1 Cor. 7:29-31)

V. When Does It End?
(1) Sanctification before death: Wesley
"Entire sanctification" (2 Cor. 7:1), with works "conditionally necessary"

(2) Sanctification after death: Roman Catholicism
Transformation continues to take time, in the afterlife
The place of perfection: purgatory (Dante)/paradise (Wesley)
 
(3) Sanctification at resurrection (I): Luther
Justification is first imputed, alien righteousness
Result: a civil war between the natures (simul justus et peccator)
Resolution at the general resurrection, when righteousness is imparted
Effect: Growth in holiness, but jet lag never eases

(4) Sanctification at resurrection (II): Calvin
Salvation results from incorporation into Christ, "spiritual union"
Justification and sanctification come together, and progress
Victory is only complete at death, then comes perfection

VI. In the Meantime: Whatever Happens to the Soul?
Problem: Do soul and body separate between death and resurrection?
Radical Reformation: The "intermediate state" is of "soul-sleep"