Examples of Reference Format

Example references, formatted as recommended by the American Psychological Association

If these were being inserted in a References page, successive lines in the reference would be indented 0.5" and all lines would be doublespaced.

Journal article, 1 author, with DOI

Herbst-Damm, K.L., & Kulik, J.A. (2005). Volunteer support, marital status, and the survival time of terminally ill patients. Health Psychology, 24, 225-229. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225


Journal article, 2 authors Ainlay, S. C., & Hunter, J. D. (1984). Religious participation among older Mennonites. Mennonite Quarterly Review, 58, 70-79.
Journal article, 3 authors Ainlay, S. C., Singleton, Jr., R., & Swigert, V. L. (1992). Aging and religious participation: Reconsidering the effects of health. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 31, 175-188.
Journal article, more than 6 authors Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., et al. (2000). An experimental evaluation of theory-based mother and mother-child programs for children of divorce. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68, 843-856.
Book, 1 author Berger, P. (1967). The sacred canopy. New York: Doubleday Anchor Books.
Book, 1 author, 3rd edition Atchley, R. C. (1980). The social forces in later life (3rd ed.). Monterey, CA: Wadsworth.
A chapter in an edited book Carp, F. M. (1981). Effects of planned housing on residents. In V. Regnier (Ed.), Housing for the elderly: Satisfaction preferences (pp. 517-552). New York: Erlbaum.
Organization as author and publisher American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Edited book, 2 editors Gray, R. M., & Moberg, D. O. (Eds.). (1962). The church and the older person. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
FTP, 1 author Bruckman, A. (4 Dec. 1994). Approaches to managing deviant behavior in virtual communities. <ftp://ftp.media.mit.edu/pub/asb/papers/ deviance-chi-94>.
World Wide Web site, 1 author Burka, L. P. (5 Dec. 1994) A hypertext history of multi-user dimensions. MUD History. 1993. <http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/1pb/mud-history.html>.

These references are based on examples presented in the APA Publication Manual (6th edition, second printing).