I. Jesus Is Jewish Israel is God's covenant people.
Jesus practiced Judaism.
Judaism makes sense of Jesus.
II. Messianic Expectation: The Setting of Our Salvation Israel's "felt needs": Home rule, purified worship, justice.
How intense was messianic expectation?
Less and more: Jesus' ministry disappointed and transformed expectation.
The gospels' turning point: John the Baptist (Luke 1, John 1).
Jesus validates God's earlier graces (clothes, ark, exodus, Law, land, return),
but in surprising ways (Luke 4:1-13, 7:18-35).
Inevitable outcome: the cross (Luke 9:18-22, 9:51).
III. Getting Advent Wrong: Marcion Marcion, a Gnostic, set law against Gospel (cf. John 1:17),
and Yahweh (God of creation and Israel) against Jesus (God of love).
Thus no continuity, no Trinity, and no Advent.
By contrast, Christian faith gives new generations a past.