Catholicity: The Wholeness of the Church

I. Rival Notions of Catholicity
kath' holon: according to the whole; universal, holistic.
Ignatius: "wherever Jesus Christ is, there is the catholic Church."
Vincent of Lerins: the catholic faith is
"that which is believed everywhere, always, and by all."
Cyril of Jerusalem: the Church is sufficient, having everything for salvation.
Four visions of catholicity:
'Catholic' catholicity:
Lambeth Quadrilateral: Scriptures, creeds, sacraments, episcopate.
Papacy too?
'Protestant' catholicity:
Word and sacraments are formally and materially sufficient.
'Eschatological' (Pentecostal?) catholicity:
Catholicity as an eschatological process, not a quality already realized.
The Holy Spirit's work is to 'catholicize' the Church.
A thriving church body will have unity and power: fruitful relationships among healthy persons.
'Anthropological' (liberationist) catholicity:
Catholicity is human, not institutional, universality.
What the Church lacks in diversity or universality, it lacks in catholicity.

Catholicizing means including the excluded.

II. Liberation Theology: God is Not a Capitalist
Class is more real than Americans imagine.
Marx: The poor are made poor by society.
Conquistador Christianity: Evangelism became civilization, Church became colonizer.
Effect: "Christ the conquered" (Latin American crucifixes).
Marxist "conscientization": Unmasking oppressive social structures.
Jesus as a radical revolutionary restructuring his order.

III. Features of Liberation Theology
1. God is the God of the poor.
2. God's work is liberation.
3. The poor have a privileged perspective on God.
4. Healthy theology reflects and furthers God's work of liberation.
5. Eucharist acts out God's character and the Church's mission.
6. Salvation/liberation is communal, as God is communal.

IV. Appraising Liberation Theology
More evangelical than we think?
Reductionist or misdirected doctrines of election, salvation, knowledge, humanity, and church.
Does liberation theology correct inadequate catholic, Protestant, and/or Pentecostal catholicity?
Or is it a 'false contextualization' of the gospel and an incompatible alternative?