Sources: Paul J. Achtemeier et al., Introducing the New Testament: Its Literature and Theology (Eerdmans, 2001); David Wenham and Steve Walton, Exploring the New Testament: A Guide to the Gospels and Acts (IVP, 2001).
|From Jesus' baptism by John on to his final days in Jerusalem, Jesus|
|... speaks parables and sayings||... speaks discourses|
... stressing the Kingdom of God.
|... stressing his coming and identity (with 'I am' claims and 'the Father/the Son' language) and its consequences ('life', 'light'/'darkness', 'witness', 'truth', 'the world').|
|As he teaches crowds, calls twelve disciples, heals, and debates opponents, especially Pharisees, Jesus|
|... calls for repentance||... calls for belief|
|... with mighty works, wonders, exorcisms||... with signs (repeating only the feeding of the 5,000 and walking on water) that 'the ruler of this world is cast out' (12:31)|
|... that evoke audiences' awe, praise, misunderstanding||... that evoke trust among witnesses and mistrust among 'the Jews' (because of later disciples' expulsion from the synagogue? see 9:22)|
|... climaxing in the Temple disturbance.||... climaxing in the raising of Lazarus (11:38-54).|
|Jesus is arrested, tried, crucified, buried, and rises again and appears to his disciples.|
|The narrative centers in Galilee||The narrative centers in Jerusalem|
|... and is structured by travels||... and is structured by Jewish holy days (e.g., Jesus is crucified as the Passover lambs are sacrificed)|
|... whose tensions resolve at the resurrection||... with foreshadowing and anticipation throughout (e.g., his preexistence, disciples' confessions, Temple cleansing, glorification, 'it is finished', ascension, Spirit's outpouring, return, perfect tenses)|
|... in fairly typical Hellenistic styles.||... in a consistently polarized, dualistic, and
Prologue and Beginning: Highlights
Book of Signs: Highlights
The narrative has been a penetrating gospel of cosmic significance focused sharply on Jesus, written for trust in his name unto eternal life (20:30-31).
But have the disciples failed to follow Jesus in the next scene (21:3)?
Jesus appears and restores Peter to his former calling (21:15-18).
Finally he charges the disciples again to 'follow me' (21:19, 21, cf. 1:43).