From Jesus to Scripture: How Christ Instituted the Bible

I. Why Is the Bible Authoritative?

Catholics: It belongs to the Church
Lutherans: It proclaims justification by grace through faith
Calvinists: It bears "the internal witness of the Holy Spirit"
Fundamentalists: It is historically and scientifically reliable
Telf: It is uniquely fulfilled, instituted, authorized by Jesus Christ

II. From Jesus to Scripture
Red letters: Jesus' words are the Word of God in human words (1 Cor. 7:25)
Just red letters? No: Jesus often speaks (Israel's) Scriptures
Jesus speaks Israel's Scriptures as his canon ("rule") (Matt. 5:18)

III. Scripture as the Word of the Father
Jesus' heritage: (Israel's) Scripture makes him intelligible
Jesus' horizon: It defines his mission
Jesus' formation: It makes him Jewish
Jesus' authority: Obedience to it is obedience to the Father

IV. Scripture as the Word of the Son
Jesus' life: Jesus fulfills, transforms, institutes Scripture like a sacrament
(creating the Old Testament and authorizing the New Testament)
Jesus' instrument: Obedience to (Christian) Scripture is obedience to Jesus

V. Scripture as the Word of the Spirit
Jesus' power: Scripture is the Spirit at work in Jesus (Isa. 61:1 in Luke 4:18)
Jesus' witness: Scripture points to Jesus as Lord and Messiah
Jesus' community: In the Spirit, disciples speak Jesus' words for the Church
(John 16:12-15, John 20:22-23, Matt. 10:19-20, Matt. 18:18-20)
Jesus' confession: Christians use Scripture to worship Jesus as Lord
(Acts 2:14-39, Phil. 2:5-11)

VI. The "Living and Active" Word of God
Scripture reflects the character and will of the Father
Scripture shares in the ministry of the Son
Scripture works in the power of the Holy Spirit
Annunciation and baptism as models for inspiration